Shaykh Ahmad Nasib Al-Mahamid
Shaykh Ahmad Nasib Al-Mahamid 1330-1421 / 1912-2000 (Syria)
Ahmad ibn Muhammad Saīd ibn Hasan Al-Ali Al-Mahamīd was from a famous tribe in the Houran region in southern Syria.
He was a great muhaddith, faqīh and an exceptional orator.
He was born in the village of Nasīb in 1912 (1330). His father was one of the officials and elders in the family and in the village.
Shaykh Ahmad was raised with pure and refined character. In addition, he was a good equestrian. He learnt reading and writing at the village mosque, before completing his primary schooling at the town of Dar'a. There, he attended lessons in the mosque that were conducted by Shaykh Ali Al-Daqar.
Often when we read the biographies of some of the illustrious scholars of the past we learn that some righteous scholar observed signs of brilliance and then advised the parents to direct their child towards acquiring ‘ilm. This was the case with Shaykh Ahmad.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-Wahhāb Al-Kināni who was the private barber for Shaykh Badr Al-Dīn Al-Hasani and Shaykh Ali Al-Daqar saw the young Ahmad frequenting the mosque and he observed his intelligence, invited him to accompany him to Damascus to acquire knowledge. Shaykh Ahmad agreed but his father initially did not permit him because he was grooming him to follow him in business and continue with his trade. After some deliberation, his father agreed and Shaykh Ahmad left for Damascus when he was seventeen years old.
In Damascus he attended the lessons of a number of ‘ulama in different Islamic sciences. They included:
· Shaykh ‘Abd al-Karīm Al-Rifāie (d. 1972=1393). Under his supervision and guidance he read Al-Ajrumiyah and Al-Azhariyah in Arabic Grammar. This was his first teacher since Shaykh ‘Abd al-Karīm was a student of Shaykh Ali Al-Daqar.
· Shaykh Jamīl ibn Khalīl Al-Khawwām (d. 1994=1415). With him read and studied the rules of Tajwīd.
· Shaykh Ahmad ibn Ali Al-Daqar (d. 1977=1397). With him, he read Sharh Ibn Aqīl and Qatr Al-Nada.
· Shaykh Ahmad Al-Miqdād Al-Basrawi Al-Shafi’ (d. 1964=1383). With him, he read the text of Al-Ghayat wa Al-Taqrīb in the Shafi’ madhhab.
· Shaykh ‘Izz Al-Dīn Al-‘Irqsūsi. Under his supervision he read some Surah’s of the Quran.
· He memorized the entire Quran under Shaykh Muhammad Abi Al-Hasan Al-Khabbāz, a student of Shaykh Al-‘Irqsūsi.
* Shaykh ‘Ali ibn ‘Abd al-Ghani Al-Daqar. He attended his public lessons and studied the following books:
- Jawharat Al-Towhīd with its commentaries by Shaykh ‘Abd al-Salīm and Shaykh Ibrahim al-Bājuri.
- Hashiyat Al-Sāwi ala Al-Jalalayn (Tafsīr)
- Al-Targhīb wa Al-Tarhīb by Imam Al-Munziri
- Al-Sīrah Al-Nabawiyah by Ibn Hisham
- Hashiyat Al-Bajuri ala Ibn Al-Qasim (Shafi’ Fiqh)
- I’anat Al-Tālibīn (Shafi’Fiqh)
- Al-Bajarami ala al-Khateeb (Shafi’ Fiqh)
- Al-Jowhar Al-Maknūn fi Thalathat Funūn
- Ihya Ulūm Al-Dīn by Imam Al-Ghazali
- Isaghuji in Logic
- The commentary of Al-Zarqani on Al-Bayquniyah in Mustalah Al-Hadith.
Shaykh Ali granted him a general Ijaza (warrant of approval).
· Shaykh Badr Al-Dīn Al-Hasani (d. 1935=1354). With him he read Al-Sanusiyah Al-Kubrah in Tawhīd and Al-Rida ala Al-Kafiyah in Grammar.
He read a portion of Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim and the first volume of Al-Kashaaf by Imam Al-Zamakhshari and the text of Al-Minhaj by Imam Al-Baydhawi in Usul-Fiqh. He also read Shaykh Badr Al-Dīn’s commentary on Qasidah Gharami Sahih in Mustalah. He heard the famous Hadith Al-Rahmat and the narration that has only Shafi’ narrators. Shaykh Al-Hasani granted Shaykh Ahmad a general Ijaza.
· Shaykh Amīn Suwayd (d. 1937=1355). With him he read Al-Manaar in Usul-Fiqh by Imam Al-Nasafi, a book that Shaykh Amīn had memorized. He too granted Shaykh Ahmad Ijaza.
· Shaykh Mahmūd ibn Muhammad Rashīd Al-Attār (d.1942=1362). Under his guidance he read Minhaj Al-Usul by Imam Al-Baydawi and Nazhm Al-Sulam Al-Muawriq in Mantiq, Musnad Al-Imam Al-Shafi’ and Isaghuji.
He received Ijaza from him as well.
· Shaykh ‘Abd al-Jalīl ibn Salīm Al-Darra (d. 1947=1366). He was a renowned public speaker and orator. After having once heard Shaykh Ahmad addressing people in the mosque he was so pleased to appoint him as his assistant with a small salary for him. Shaykh ‘Abd al-Jalīl even spoke to Shaykh Ali Al-Daqar about the talk he heard with a great amount of praise. Shaykh Ahmad received Ijaza from him as well.
· Shaykh Abul Khair Al-Maydāni (d. 1961=1380). With him he d Al-Balaghat Al-Tatbiqiyah and regularly attended the Shaykh’s lessons after Fajr. He received Ijaza from him as well.
· He read from the beginning of the Quran till Sura Al-Anfāl to Shaykh ‘Abd al-Hamīd ibn Ibrahim Al-Madani Al-Qabuni who also granted him Ijaza.
· He read the entire Quran to Shaykh ‘Abd al-Wahhāb Dibs wa Zayt who also granted him Ijaza.
· Shaykh Salih ibn Ahmad Al-Aqqād, the Shaykh of the Shafi’s in Damascus (d. 1971=1390). With him he read and studied Al-Bahjat by Imam Zakariya Al-Ansaari. He too granted Shaykh Ahmad Ijaza.
· Shaykh Ahmad al-Basrawi
· Shaykh Ahmad also exchanged Ijaza with Shaykh ‘Abd al-Fattāh Abu Ghudah, Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr Al-Ahsa'iy, Shaykh Muhammad Nimr Al-Khatīb and Shaykh Muhammad Taysīr Al-Makhzumi.
· He was the Deputy Imam of Jami’ Tenkiz.
· Imam and teacher at Jami’ Al-Towbah.
· Delivered Khutbah’s in various other mosques.
· He taught in the Ma’had of the Jamiyat Al-Ghara and the Shariah Secondary School in Maydaan.
· A teacher at the General Fatwa Administration.
Shaykh Salih al-Aqqad described him as the speaker and scholar of the ‘ulama because of his exceptional skill as an orator and his wonderful command of the Arabic language and his unique literary style. Shaykh Ahmad was a scholar who truly loved ‘ilm and even at the age of eighty was still reading and researching. The other amazing thing about him is his vast and extensive knowledge. He read in all subjects and was even familiar with various journals, magazines and periodicals.
He was deeply concerned about the state of the Muslims and particularly the plight of Masjid al-Aqsa and the Zionist plot. He was very vocal and outspoken in this regard from the pulpit when he addressed the crowds during the Friday lecture.
He never missed the opportunity to share valuable advice with students and among his advices to those involved in calling people towards Islam is the following:
To maintain a high degree of sincerity in all of their efforts and to ensure that they are practical examples.
It is the duty of the ’ulama to avoid utilizing and substantiating matters with weak narrations because our Dīn has more than sufficient authentic and acceptable narrations together with the corpus of narrations from the life of the Prophet Muhammad, the Sahāba and the lives of the illustrious scholars. And if a person is to use a weak narration then he must ensure that it does not contradict the principles of Islam.
His books: (All of which are published and available)
· Qabasaat Hadifah
· Rawaai’ min Al-Adab Al-Arabi
· Min Wahiy Al-Minbar (a compilation of some of his Jumua’ lectures that extended over a period of thirty years)
· Al-Hub bayn Al-Abd wa Al-Rab
· Al-Amanah wa Al-Umanaa
He died in Damascus in the year 2000 (1st Sha’bān 1421). Thousands attended his funeral and the renowned and righteous scholar, Shaykh Adīb Kallās led the Janāza Salāt. He was buried at the famous Dahdāh graveyard in close proximity to Shaykh Abu al-Khayr al-Maydani and Shaykh Muhammad al-Hāshimi. This is a graveyard wherein many Sahaba are buried. He is survived by his wife and three sons.
(Prepared by Shoayb Ahmed from the writings by Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Rashīd and Shaykh Muhammad Yāsir al-Qadmāni).